NAACP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thomas Liquori

MGT250 Dr. Albert Widman

October 26, 2007

TheNationalAssociationfortheAdvancementofColoredPeople isanonprofitorganization,withitísnonprofitaffiliateSpecialContributionFund,theyboth†† consist ofagroupofwelldedicatedworkers,organizers,andleaders.Thesegreatpioneeríswhocreatedthisgreatorganizationfromtheballotboxísintotheclassrooms,maintainitísstatutesaschampionísofthesocialjusticesystem.

 

††††††††††† TheNationalAssociationfortheAdvancementofColoredPeople isthekindoforganizationthatleadsthecivilrightsmovement,resultingindecadesofimpressivecourtroomvictories,andcatalyzing desegregationacrossAmerica.OneoftheNAACPíslandmarkcourtroomvictoriesoccurredin1954,whenBrownV.TheBoardOfEducationcaseoutlawedschoolsegregation.TheprincipalmissionstatementoftheNationalAssociationfortheAdvancementofColoredPeopleistoensurethepolitical,educational,social,andeconomicequalityofrightsofallpersons,andtoeliminateracialhatredandhatreddiscrimination. ThevisionstatementoftheNationalAssociationfortheAdvancementofColoredPeopleistoensureasocietyinwhichall individualshaveequalrights,andthereisnoracialhatredandracialdiscrimination.

 

††††††††††† TheimportanceofTheNationalAssociationfortheAdvancementofColoredPeopleisadvocatinganddefendingcivilrightstosocialinjusticesthatpeoplefaceeveryday.Withoutthem,manypeopleinthepastuntilthepresentwouldstillbefacedwithracialinjustice.TheNAACPhasbeenavoice,aswellasashieldofminorityAmericans.

 

††††††††††† TheNationalAssociationfortheAdvancementofColoredPeopleísorganizationalstructureconsistsoffiftythousandmembers,inwhichwasorganizedintosevenfederatedstructures.Thesestructureswhichspansevenregionscompriseofone thousandsevenhundredactivelocalbranchesandcollegechapters.The NationalAssociationfortheAdvancementofColored PeopleísgovernancestructurehadasixtyfourmemberBoardofDirectors,twenty-oneofwhichwereelectedfromthesevenregionfederatedstructure.Anothersevenmemberswereelectedfromtheyouthcouncilsandcollegechapters,twenty-threememberswereelectedat-large,twelvememberswereelectedbytheboardofdirectors,andonewaselectedbytheannualconvention.

 

Theaveragelengthforyouthdirectorstoserveistwoyearsconsecutively,butwereprohibitedtoserveinthatpositionontheBoardofDirectorsbeyondtheageoftwenty-five.Outofthenineteenadultmemberselectedannuallysevenofthememberswereelectedat-largebylocalbranches,fourbytheBoardofDirectors,sevenbythefederatedregions,andonebytheprecedingAnnualConvention.Memberselectedintothegovernancestructurethatwereelectedbythefederatedregionsor TheBoardofDirectors,couldservenomorethanfourconsecutiveterms,andalsohadtositoutoneyearbeforebeingeligibleagainforreelectionforthefederatedregionorBoardofDirectors.Anymember,although,couldrunasanat-largecandidatewithnorestrictions,eventhoughat-largecandidatesprovedhardtowin.

 

ThestatusofNAACPhasfacedmanycrisisíthroughouttheone hundredyearreignoftheAssociation.Throughthe1950ís,thestatusoftheNationalAssociationfortheAdvancementofColoredPeopleísboardwascriticizedasbeingtooexclusiveandbeingoutoftouchwiththemembership.ThemembersofTheNationalAssociationfortheAdvancementofColoredPeoplerevoltedduringanannualconvention,andchangedtheconstitutiontoincreasethesizeoftheboard,andtoensuresubstantialregionalrepresentation.Duringthe1980ís,theelectedChairmanoftheBoardoftheNAACPDr.WilliamE.Gibson,was commentedbyanothermemberofbeingpubliclyovershadowedbytheExecutiveDirectorBenjaminHooks,andslightlybythepress.Thisresultbecamecomplicatedshiftsofgovernance,orsomewouldsayacontestbetweenGibson,andHooks.Gibsonwaspublicizedbythepressforputtinghisownpeopleontheboard,rewardinghisownpeoplebysettingupanothercommitteefortherewarded,tomakethatpersontheheadofthatcommittee,andGibsonwouldalsopunishthoseon theboardwhoaskedquestionspertainingtoanything.

 

Carl T.Rowan,whowasanationallysyndicatedcolumnist,andalsoalongtimemember,describedwhatwashappeningattheNationalofficesickeningandbegancitingincidentsbasedoninformationfromthestaffandboardmembers.Thestakeholdersoftheorganizationareruiningthecompany,andbythemplayingthismajorrole,theyarereducingthecompaniesgoodreputationbytaintingtheNAACPíSnamewithallofthesecrisisí.WhenExecutiveDirectorHookssteppeddownfromofficein1992andReverendBenjaminChavis,Jr.tookoverasExecutiveDirector,theactionsthatChavisdisplayedwassomewhatmilitant,andledmanytobelievethattheNAACPwasbecomingaseparatistassociation.Chaviswouldinvitegangmemberstobecomeinvolvedwiththeassociation,thereforecausingradicalmoveswhichcreatedagreatdealoffrictionbetweentheNationalAssociationanditísbranches.WhenitwasdisclosedthatChavishadsecretlyusedAssociationfundstoreachasecretsettlement of $332,400withaformerassistantmid-levelemployeeMichelleSpeaks,overasexualharassmentaccusation,thecrisisexploded.

 

TheroleofcontrolofthissituationfellontheboardandChairmanoftheNAACPWilliamE.Gibson,whichvotedoutChavisfromofficeinAugust1994duringanemergencymeetingoftheboard.AlthoughChaviswasvotedout,heleftmanyunresolvedproblemsintheassociationitself.Onemajorproblemthattheassociatedfaced,wascontributionsfrom majorcompanies suchastheFordFoundationandGeneralMotors.WhenthenewsleakedouttothepressaboutthesexualharassmentaccusationsonChavis,themajorcontributors(astheones mentionedpreviously) refusedtoreleasefundstotheNAACP,inwhichputtheminoverthreemilliondollarsindebt.

 

TheboardtriedtoreestablishtheNAACPfromthepublicembarrassment,andhardshipsbyappointingahighlevelstaffpersonEarlShinhosterastheAssociationísSeniorAdministrator,andlaterasactingAdministrativeDirector.Theboardalsoestablishtwofinancialoversightcommitteeís,andcalledforanaudit.QuestionsarosethatGibson,theactingExecutiveDirectoratthetime,wasabigspender,aftergoingon60 MinutesandinsultingtheNAACPbypraisinghishighendpurchasesandhisextravagantways.TheveilofsecrecyhadbeenremovedsinceChavisíremoval,andalleyeswereonGibsonnow.ThemembershipwasupintheairwhenEvers-WilliamswasapproachedtobeacandidatefortheChairoftheNAACPBoardofDirectors.Althoughitwasthelastthingonhermind,theboardmemberswerelookingforachange,andEvers-WilliamssteppeduptotheplatebycallingforanewchairmanoftheNAACP.Theboardmembersagreedwithher,andveryquicklyshesentoutbyfederalexpressalettertoallmembersthatshewasacandidate.

 

TheelectioncametoanendonFebruary1995attheAnnualmeetingoftheboardwhereEvers-WilliamswontheChairof theNAACPBoardofDirectorsbyonevote29-30.Williamsstruggledtoreestablishconnectionsbetweentheorganizationandmajordonators.††† TheirweresomemembersoftheboardwhotriedtoembarrassWilliamsoncertainissues,butintheendpeoplewentforwardbecauseofthedesiretosavetheNAACP.Williamsalsodecidedtochangetheoperatingproceduresoftheboardbymonitoringallcashadvances,incompletedocumentationofexpenses,andofficersíexpensesbyaspecialBoardCommittee.OnAugust12,1995Williamsputintomotionthecodeofethics.ThebodyofthecodewasdevelopedbytheUnitedWayafteritísleadershipcrisis.ItwasdesignedandstatedthatallBoardMemberscouldnotwittinglyorunwittinglyputthemselvesintoapositionthatcomprisedtheorganization.

 

Once shewasputintoposition,shereducedtheSearchCommittee fromseventeentoseven. AnewExecutiveDirectorwassearchedfortoruntheorganization.KweisiMfumewasappointedthenewExecutiveDirectorafterpersistentcourtingbytheChairandCommittee,eventhoughhedidnotwanttheposition. Duringhis negotiationswiththeSearchCommittee beforehetookoffice,aconditionofhisExecutiveDirectorstatuswouldbethathewouldonlyreporttotheExecutiveCommittee.OthernegotiationconditionwasthathewastochangehistitlefromExecutiveDirectortoPresident/CEO.Bydoingthis,MfumeeliminatedthecurrentpositionofBoardPresident,alsogivinghimthepowertohireandfirepeopleathisowndiscretion.

 

††††††††††† AsaresultofMfumeísPresident/CEOposition,hefiredfifteenmembersinhisfirstweek,andhiredsevennewones,significantlyreducingtheNAACPíSstafftoabout1/8thitísoriginal sizein1993.ImmediatelyaftertakingofficeMfumebroughttheassociationoutofdebtbyraisingonemilliondollarsduringhisfirstthree months,andbyOctober1996Mfumeannouncedthatthedebtofthe NAACPhasbeenretired.InFebruary1997,heannounced planstoestablishfiftymilliondollarsinendowmentoverthenextfiveyears.BySeptember1997theAssociationwasrunningabudgetsurplusofabouttwomillion.

 

††††††††††† TheNAACPlauncheditís88thannualconventionin†† August1997withthetheme,ď AndStillWeRiseĒ.ChairmanWilliams,alongwithhernewPresident/CEOMfume,hasledtheorganizationbacktowardstheupwardpath,butmanychallengesstill remain.Mfumecharacterizeshis††††† ††††††††††††††††relationshipwithChairmanWilliamsasexcellent.Regardinghisrelationshipwiththeboard,Mfumewantstoworkwithaboardthatallowshimtodohisjobasheadjuststohisnewenvironment.Asamajor stakeholderintheorganizationnow,Mfumemademajorimpactsontheactionsthathetookwhenhetookoffice.Mfumetookoveraresponsibilitythatfewpeoplewouldhavetaken.Hewascorrectwhenmakingconditionson hisdecisionbeforetakingposition,bydoingthisheassuredhimselfthatitwouldbehiswayornoway.Histheoryworked,hebroughttheNAACPoutoffinancialdebt,heweededoutthebadapplesoftheAssociationandreplacedthemwith positiveones.Mfumeworkedveryhardtogettheorganizationtowhereitneededtobeatthattime.

 

††††††††††† ChairmanWilliamsalsoplayedamajorpartofbeinganewstakeholderaswell,whenshetookoffice.ShehelpedtheorganizationbyelectingthenewExecutiveDirectortotheorganization,orashelikestobecalledthePresident/CEOMfume.Shereducedcertainbranchesaswellaskeeptheboardundercontrolbyprovidingappropriateinformationbeforeboardmeetings.IfIwassuddenlyelectedChairmanoftheBoardofanAssociationofacompanythatwasinalmostutterruins,IwouldhavetakenallofthesamestepsthatChairman†† Williamstooktoreestablishthecompanybyanymeanspossible.Althoughitmightmeanlossofjobstosomemembers,onapositivenote,itmightbringtheAssociationstrongerandwellroundedasawhole.Takingapositionthatissotaintedbythepersonbeforeyou,isahardtasktofill.††Ibelievethatthisorganizationhasalongtermfuture,onlyiftheykeepwiththecodeofethics,andthesamestructuredenvironmentwithmotivatedpeoplesuchasthosewhobroughttheAssociationoutofhardship.

 

††††††††††† AmajortaskinTheNationalAssociationfortheAdvancementofColoredPeopleisthechangingenvironment.Adaptabilitytochangecanbesometomanyorganizations,buttheAssociationneedstostayfocusedandpracticecarefulplanninginordertokeepupwiththetimes.TheNAACPhasbeenturnedaroundandisontherisesincethemanyhardshipsthattheywerefacedwithoverthepastonehundredyears,andwiththehelpofeveryonewhosupportsTheNationalAssociationfortheAdvancementofColoredPeopletheorganizationwillliveonforanotheronehundredyears.Thereisnotmuchrestructuringthatneedstobedonetothisorganization,sinceeverythinghasalreadybeendonebythegreatleaderswhohavecomebefore.Themission will alwaysremainthesame,aslongas theyhavededicationand inspirationtowanttomakeadifferenceinsociety.TheonlywayIcanseetheorganizationisgoingisupward.Today,theNAACPissuchapowerfulforceintodayíspolitical,social,andeconomicenvironment,thatitwouldbeextremelyhardforotherorganizationstocompetewiththededicationandservicethatTheNationalAssociationfortheAdvancementofColoredPeoplehasalreadyprovidedtoAmerica.

 

††††††††††† MyfirstproposedmeetingagendaasbeingthenewchairmanofTheNationalAssociationfortheAdvancementofColoredPeople isasfollows:

 

NAACP

Proposed Meeting Agenda- Session 1, Meeting 1

October 26, 2007

1)    Welcomecalltoorder

2)    Adoptionofagenda

3)    IssuesrelatingtotheNAACPactivityproject

4)    ManagementplanandresourcesfortheNAACP

5)    Othermatters

6)    Conclusionofmeeting

 

 

CitedResources

www.naacp.org†††††

†††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††

https://my.berkeleycollege.edu/@@0a3365be2850953069996a046ca1985f/courses/1/1079_BERKC_MGTMENT_MGT250_SECOL/content/_701961_1/NAACP%20Case.pdf

 

http://cdm.unfccc.int/EB/021/eb21_propag.pdf